Classification of Anti Asthmatic Drugs

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Anti asthmatic drugs may be classified into two groups:

  1. Bronchodilators/relievers, which address acute phase
  2. Anti inflammatory/controllers, which address underlying cause

Bronchodilators/Relievers

Sympathomimetics

  • Salbutamol
  • Albuterol
  • Terbutaline
  • Bambuterol
  • Salmeterol
  • Formoterol

Methylxanthines

  • Theophylline
  • Aminophylline

Anticholinergics

  • Ipratropium bromide
  • Tiotropium bromide

Anti Inflammatory Agents/Controllers

Leukotriene Receptor Antagonists

  • Montelukast
  • Zafirlukast

Mast Cell Stablizers

  • Sodium cromoglycate
  • Nedocromil
  • Ketotifen (5HT action)

Corticosteroids (main stay)

Systemic

  • Hydrocortisone
  • Prednisolone

Inhalational

  • Beclomethasone dipropionate
  • Budesonide
  • Fluticasone- propionate
  • Flunisolide

Anti –IgE Humanized Monoclonal Antibodies

  • Omalizumab