Pregnancy Week 10

pregnancy week 10

Week 10 of pregnancy marks the end of most vital stage of fetal development and risks of congenital defects drop dramatically.


Baby turn from embryo to fetus by end of week 10. The development of eyes continues and external ears complete their growth. Internal ear is almost complete as well. Fingers and toes form from webbed hands and feet. Bones begin to harden. Kidneys start producing urine. The end of embryonic stage of development also makes the baby less vulnerable to development dangers.

The outline of spines become clearly visible. The vital organs though growing, start functioning on their own. The diaphragm beings to develop and sex organs also grow rapidly at this stage.

Size and Weight

Baby is about the size of kumquat or lime. Length (crown to rump) is around 1.22 inches (3.1 cm) and weight around 0.14 oz (4g).


Pregnancy pains and other symptoms persist. The hormones HCG and progesterone increase oil glands in the face, making complexion shinier and more smooth. Increased blood volume may lead to slight flushing of skin.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Heartburn, flatulence
  • Mild abdominal pain
  • Fatigue and tiredness
  • Insomnia
  • Weight gain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Morning sickness, dizziness and headache begin to subside


Rapid emotional changes and depression may occur


The mother may begin to notice expanding belly but it is still early for others to notice baby bump.


Milk producing glands are growing leading to fuller breasts. Breast tenderness may occur


Baby starts to look more like a newborn. Arms and legs become visible and facial bones appear as white areas. Head appears to comprise nearly half the length of baby.

When to consult doctor?

Certain genetic tests may be advised by the doctor to find out any congenital or hereditary disorders. All these tests are non-invasive.

It is advisable to consult a doctor if severe abdominal cramping, heavy vaginal bleeding, extreme pelvic, groin pain or nausea and vomiting occur. High fever, brown discharge or burning sensation while urinating may need to be investigated as well.

Tips and Recommendations

  • Eat a well balanced diet with plenty of proteins and fresh vegetables. Avoid fatty foods
  • Drink plenty of fluids and eat fresh fruits
  • Increase calcium intake and take multivitamins and folic acid supplements.
  • Wash hands frequently and avoid getting sick
  • Indigestion may be treated with natural remedies
  • Light exercise is helpful
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The writer enjoys medical education and has special interest in community medicine.